Animating Basics – How Are Cartoons Made?


You watched your favorite cartoon on Saturdays when you were a kid. You’ve seen more than a few animated cartoon movies, too. Ever wonder how they are made? Here are some animating basics to explain how cartoons are made.

What is animation? It is the stringing together of pictures, and photographing them, to create what appears to be motion and action. Stop-motion animation uses figures, usually made out of clay, that can be molded and shaped, then photographed. The old movie King Kong used this process.

Cartoon animation does a similar thing, but instead of using moldable figures, it uses drawings. Movement is created by changing the drawings little by little. For example, รีวิวการ์ตูนอนิเมชั่น to create walking, one drawing has the right foot and left arm forward. The next shot has the right foot directly under the body, supporting the weight, while the left foot starts to lift off the ground. Next, the left foot starts to reach forward, and the right arm does also, and so on.

When you see those different drawings quickly, in a sequence, your brain is tricked into thinking that they are flowing from one to the next, and the character appears to be walking, even though it is only a bunch of drawings. You’re seeing motion when there isn’t any.

But the actual drawings themselves are just one aspect of the whole cartoon-making process. Animators need to be able to create interesting characters, storylines, settings, conflict, resolution, drama, emotion, and movement–all by drawing pictures and stringing them together. This cartooning business is getting complicated now, isn’t it?

But you cannot watch a cartoon without sound. Well, you could, but if you add music to it, it becomes more interesting. So now the animator needs to know how to draw so it looks like the characters are speaking.

Perhaps there is a song, and the characters decide to do a little dance. The animator must be sure the movements match the music, which all must be timed precisely, to the tiniest fraction of a second.

When you start to consider all these factors, it’s amazing any cartoons have been made at all! Then there are the other things, like backgrounds, lighting, camera angles, and so on. You can see why Disney or Pixar have entire studios of people, and buildings full of artists, who all work as a team to create just one animated cartoon.

Now that you know some animation basics, like how cartoons are made, you can get to work practicing your skills. If you are interested in becoming an animator, you have a lot of learning ahead of you. If not, you will have a better understanding of all the work that is involved in making just one cartoon.

 


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